Diamond is one of the world’s most valuable materials. In addition to diamond’s unique qualities making it a great precious stone for use in jewellery, there is also a large demand for diamond from the industrial and science sectors. Diamond has the extraordinary quality of being extremely tough and resilient, this makes it near impossible to scratch or break the stone. Diamond is known as the hardest substance found in nature. This property of diamond lends itself perfectly for various techniques applied in industry.
“Diamond, its name derived from ancient Greek “Adamas”, literally means unbreakable and invincible.”
Diamond is one of the most important materials that is traded around the world. Somewhere near 3000 years ago diamond was discovered, for the first time, in India. Along with Borneo, these two are the only known locations for finding diamond at the time, and therefore, the only trading posts for diamond.
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Many scientists have been occupied with the development of and properties of diamond from the 16 th century. Until right before the revolution in the diamond trade, these beautiful stones were only used in jewellery and other decorative objects. Scientists realized that diamond had several properties that other precious stones lacked. And these properties would turn out to be very useful in a plethora of industrial activities.
Only recently, Diamond Technology was introduced. Many technologies that were being used in industry have been improved through the use of diamond and parts of diamond, for example: the use of diamond in the production of cutting tools. Blades can be sharpened more effectively and to a sharper edge than ever before, all thanks to the hardness of diamond. Diamonds that are no good for use in jewellery are grinned to dust. Diamond dust is used, then, to grind or polish. This way metals, and other materials, which are difficult to grind or polish under normal circumstances, can be effectively polished to a finish with the help of diamond powder.
In addition to diamonds being applied because of their hardness, their unique combination of shine and clarity with this inherent hardness leads to varied application in industry. Diamonds are used in angle mirrors, copying machines, the eyewear trade, computer technology, etc. Even the dentist uses tools that contain diamond parts.